The report proposes specific Enabling Technologies to address Climate change challenges. At the core of the recommendations of the Task Force on Enabling Technologies is a regional collaboration for the development of a system for the provision of Climate Services. This system, the Climate Services Hub (CSH), will facilitate better management of the risks of climate variability and change in climate-sensitive productive sectors, for instance, agriculture, energy, tourism, food security, etc. as well as in disaster risk management and resource management. A description of the CSH is provided along with recommendations for the evaluation of its impact.
The report explores the potential of Enabling Technologies to assess climate risks as well as to support climate change mitigation and adaptation plans in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East (EMME) region. Developments in the field of Enabling Technologies, such as digitalization, remote sensing, artificial intelligence, machine learning, visualization, etc. are described, whereas the applicability of Enabling Technologies is examined through specific case studies at the regional, national or local (city) levels.
The applications of Enabling Technologies are wide ranging and include: the monitoring of extreme weather events potentially linked to climate change, the assessment of the state of thermal environment in urban areas, the combined use of climate and geospatial data to depict climate risks and assess vulnerability to climate change, the prediction of climate change impacts both temporally and spatially, the association of climate change to energy production and consumption, etc.
At a second stage, the report examines other initiatives regarding Climate Services, defines the prerequisites for the EMME region CSH and describes the architecture as well as the various (interconnected) modules of the Hub.
Finally, fostering international cooperation for knowledge and technology transfer as well as for education and training are discussed taken that they are considered keyways through which enabling technologies can be leveraged for the benefit of all.